RTO Rules For Electric Scooter In India

RTO or Road Transport Office is the state government’s institution responsible for keeping a motor vehicle data system and driver information database for all Indian states. An RTO is set up in every state and is responsible for registering vehicles and issuing drivers’ licenses.

An RTO exists in every state and union territory and is solely responsible for carrying out the activities and functions of the Motor Vehicles Act 1988.

It ensures that all vehicles on the road must function in accordance with the road laws and regulations. It can be defined as a government body that makes sure that all the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Acts are properly enforced and regulated.

The importance of this department can be fairly understood by the following table about the number of registered electric scooters across the globe.

CityNumber of electric scooters

Also, read; How to get an electric scooter dealership?

Functions of RTO

Ketron electric scooters
Ketron electric scooters

The RTO functions as per the guidelines provided by the Motor Vehicles Act 1988, which includes issuing a driving license, vehicle registrations, vehicle inspection, ensuring safety protocols, issuance of a registration of vehicles, and certificate of insurance.

Following are the major functions of the RTO :

  • Charges and Tax Collection: All vehicles on the road must pay the road tax levied by the government. This tax charge varies according to the type and size of the vehicle. This is known as Motor Vehicle Tax (MVT). The RTO in that area is required to collect this tax.
  • Ensures Road Safety: An RTO ensures that all motor vehicles comply with the road laws and regulations to ensure their own and others’ safety. It is the responsibility of the RTO to ensure that all laws under the Motor Vehicles Act are being followed diligently. The RTO also keeps a record of third-party insurance of all registered vehicles. In the case of failure of third-party insurance, an RTO holds the power to cancel the driver’s license or vehicle registration.
  • Vehicle Registration: The RTO is also responsible for carrying out the registration of motor vehicles. It is the duty of the RTO to provide transport permits and issue NOC (No Objection Certificate). A NOC is required when a vehicle’s registration is transferred from one state’s RTO to another. The RTO should also be updated when a vehicle is sold and the owner changes, thereby changing its registration.
  • Issuance of Driver License: The RTO conducts driving tests, obtains all the driver’s information, and issues the driving license. The RTO issues Learner’s DL, Permanent DL, Commercial DL, etc. It is also responsible for license renewal or license duplicate issuance.
  • Vehicle Inspection: The RTO must check from time to time the necessary documents, such as the registration of the vehicle or the No Pollution Certificate (NPC). The RTO is also responsible for inspecting the vehicle’s condition to determine if it is worth driving on the road being harmless to others. The RTO carries out this inspection from time to time.
  • Environmental norms: The RTO must ascertain if the vehicle on the road is not harmful to the environment by checking their pollution status. The RTO issues a PUC – Pollution Under Control Certificate to vehicles that ensure that the vehicle’s current state is no harm to the environment.
  • Providing Unique Vehicle Registration: Many people wish to have unique and fancy numbers on their vehicle number plates. In such cases, people can approach the RTO and get a unique registration number.

Check out; How to charge an electric scooter?

Reasons To Switch To Electric Vehicles:

The fuel prices in India are touching the skies every day and with no good reason behind it. It has shaken the budget of every middle-class household in the country. The increase in fuel rates has forced people to think about other sustainable alternatives and smartly so. It is the need of the hour. People in the country seem to be starting to incline, even though slowly, towards e-mobility.

Switching from fuel vehicles to battery-operated vehicles is the need of the hour, both economically and environmentally. Moreover, it is good for both the pocket and the Mother planet Earth. However, while the concept of e-mobility in the country is slowly gaining popularity, people are not very sure about it. They have many questions and queries, which is why they are still a bit hesitant to make this shift.

It is safe to say that electric vehicles are more cost-effective as they are cheaper in the long run. The maintenance cost of e-vehicles is low given that there are fewer moving parts in them. It does not need as many garages as conventional petrol cars do.

Electric vehicles do not emit any gasses or emissions from them. As a result, they are a better option for the environment because, unlike them, fuel-operated cars emit gasses that are harmful to breathing and pollute the air. Therefore, the adoption of e-vehicles will result in cleaner air for all of us as there will be a considerable reduction in the levels of smog produced by vehicles.

Electric vehicles save you time as they can be charged at your home. This saves the run to the gas station and the time spent waiting in the long queues over there. This is a convenience that fuel-operated car owners do not enjoy.

Electric vehicles ensure a quiet drive as they do not have loud combustion engines. This makes for a very quiet, peaceful drive. Noise from fuel-operated cars has become an integral part of our daily lives, more of an annoyance. E-vehicles on the other hand, move towards eliminating this.

When shifting to e-vehicles, people are more interested in opting for two-wheelers such as electric scooters and bikes first. First, however, it is important to know the proper rules and regulations that prevail before coming on the road.

Also, read; How Much Does It Cost To Charge An Electric Scooter In India?

RTO Rules For Electric Scooters

  • Driving license requirement for E-scooters: In order to be qualified to ride any kind of motor vehicle, an official driver’s license is necessary. Electric scooters are no exception. Without a driver’s license, driving an e-scooter on the road is illegal. Also, in case of an accident and the absence of a valid driver’s license, the insurance company is not liable to compensate the rider.
  • Electric scooters with a maximum speed of 25kmph and powerless than 250W  do not require any driving license. This is the sole reason why the older gen, students, and teenagers prefer e-scooters.
  • Insurance policy for E-scooters: It is vital to acquire proper knowledge of insurance policies before buying any e-vehicle. Many youngsters ride electric scooters without being properly informed about them and their rules and therefore land themselves into trouble. Even though e-scooters do not ride as fast as fuel, they can still cause accidents and damage if not driven with caution. Hence, it is essential to have an insurance policy; otherwise, the rider has to face the music himself.
  • An insurance policy that is comprehensive (which pays for the repair and replacement) is a better option for electric scooters. For any e-scooter with a capacity of more than 250W and a speed of more than 25kmph an insurance policy is legally necessary. E-scooters with speeds less than 25kmph and power of less than 250W are not required to be insured but if one still wishes to do so for safety reasons, they can opt for any insurance policy.
  • Number Plate Requirements for E-scooters: In India, it is a compulsion for all vehicles to have a High-Security Registration Plate (HSRP). It is provided by government officers to prevent theft of vehicles as well as to clear the database of vehicles. To differentiate between vehicle types, separate codes of colors are allotted. E-scooters with a maximum speed of 25kmph and powerless than 250W are not required to have an HSRP or RTO Registration.
  • Helmet rules for E-scooters: A helmet is important to wear if the rider is riding an e-scooter with a power of more than 250W and a speed of more than 25kmph. It is not essential to wear a helmet if the e-scooter has a speed of less than 25kmph and is powerless than 250W. However, it is always recommended to wear one to ensure safety.
  • Electric vehicle registration and Road Tax: Road tax is a way of recovering the cost of roads and highways by the government. The ruling government of every state imposes its road tax. As per the latest government guidelines, e-vehicles owners are exempted from paying road tax. This proposal could be instrumental in boosting the use of electric vehicles in the country.
Electric Scooter RTO
Blix Electric Scooter

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By now, it is very clear that not only are e-vehicles such as e-scooters a better choice for the environment, but they also are pocket-friendly.

It is high time we get rid of this stigma that e-scooters are not reliable and sustainable as the fuel-operated ones and look at the other side of the coin. E-scooters are convenient, low maintenance, and cheaper in the long run.

There are also very few rules applied to the use of e-scooters by the RTO. So switch to e-vehicles today and let us all contribute to saving the Mother planet Earth – one e-scooter at a time!